Lloyd H. Ellis, Jr., M.D., Ph.D.
Eduardo Mondlane (1920-1969) was the George Washington of Mozambique.
Born into an early Medieval, if not a Stone Age, village in southern Mozambique (He was probably about four or five when he encountered his first non-African and about nine or ten before he saw his first European), Mondlane remarkably made his way to Wits, the University of Lisbon, and, ultimately to the United States where he earned a bachelor's degree from Oberlin and a master's and a Ph.D. from Northwestern, then and now one of the world's pre-eminent centers for the study of Africa.
Mondlane became a staff officer with the United Nations and then an anthropologist at Syracuse before organizing FRELIMO (the Frente de Libertacao de Mozambique) in 1962. He initiated hostilities against the Portuguese in northern Mozambique in 1964. In 1969 a parcel containing a book mailed from Europe to Dar es Salaam exploded in his hands. The subsequent Interpol investigation has either been lost or suppressed. The Mozambique national university in Maputo is named for Eduardo Mondlane.
Although Mondlane, the best educated African public figure of his generation, spent approximately half of his adult life in South Africa and the United States, married an American, and had three children born in the United States, there is no adequate biography in English. The Portuguese diplomat Jose Manuel Duarte de Jesus has written a book, not a biography, describing the politics surrounding Mondlane's assassination.
This translation was published in 2016 and is available in hardcopy and Kindle version at Amazon.com.